KANT: Critique of Pure Reason [Prefaces, Introduction, Transcendental Aesthetic]

Speaking of David Hume’s radical empiricism and problem of induction, Immanuel Kant wrote, “I freely admit that the remembrance of David Hume was the very thing that many years ago first interrupted my dogmatic slumber and gave a completely different direction to my researches in the field of speculative philosophy.” Continue reading

HUME: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding [Sections I-VI]

David Hume is an 18th century Scottish philosopher, who once wrote “If we take in our hand any volume; of divinity or school metaphysics, for instance; let us ask, Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number? No. Does it contain any experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact and existence? No. Commit it then to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion.” Continue reading

Claudius’ Deception

orwell1627:

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Originally posted on The Great Conversation:

After discovering that his uncle Claudius killed his father, Hamlet exclaims,“One may smile, and smile, and be a villain!” Shakespeare’s works often explore the theme of appearance versus reality, and the Tragedy of Hamlet is no exception. Claudius discovers just how difficult it is to conceal the truth. After all, “Stones have been known to move, and trees to speak. Augurs and understood relations have By magot pies and choughs and rooks brought forth The secret’st man of blood.”

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NEWTON: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy [Prefaces, Definitions, Axioms, General Scholium]

Newton’s Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy was first published in 1687. Two subsequent editions with emendations were published in 1713 and 1726. In the text, Newton lays the foundations for what would be known in the future as classical mechanics – a technical term that simply indicates the study of the behavior of macroscopic bodies when acted upon by forces. Continue reading

The unexamined life is not worth living.

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