FREUD: The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis

First Lecture

  • Freud credits Dr. Breuer as the creator of psychoanalysis.
  • Freud worked in conjunction with Dr. Breuer to cure an hysterical woman. The woman had symptoms that included paralysis, limited vision, and durations of confusion and dissociation. The symptoms had no obvious cause.
  • Freud and Dr. Breuer used hypnosis to aid in the woman’s recovery of distressful memories surrounding the death of her father. Freud concluded that the woman, and all hysterical patients, suffered from reminiscences. The woman’s symptoms serve as memory symbols, like war memorials serve as reminders of the bravery of the soldiers who fought in a war. Continue reading

MILL: Representative Government [Ch. 1-6]

• “A better doctrine must be possible; not a mere compromise, by splitting the difference between the two, but something wider than either, which, in virtue of its superior comprehensiveness, might be adopted by either Liberal or Conservative without renouncing anything which he really feels to be valuable in his own creed.” Continue reading

LOCKE: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding [Book III, Ch. 1-3, 9-11]

Book III
• Chapter 1 – Of Words or Language in General
• God fashioned man for a sociable animal. Language is the instrument and common tie of society.
• Men used articulate sounds to represent internal conceptions that could be conveyed to one another. Continue reading

The unexamined life is not worth living.


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