Category Archives: The Odyssey

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XXIV]

In Book XXIV of Homer’s Odyssey, the God Mercury conducts the souls of the dead suitors to Hades. During their journey, the suitors pass by the Elysian fields where they see Agamemnon speaking to Achilles. Agamemnon relates the story of Achilles’ burial and of the funeral games held in his honor. “Thus even in death your fame, Achilles, has not been lost, and your name lives evermore among all mankind.” Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XXIV]

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HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XXIII]

In Book XXIII of Homer’s Odyssey, the nurse Euryclea informs Penelope that Odysseus has returned and killed all the suitors. Penelope does not believe her, but rather claims that some god has punished the suitors for their wickedness. Nevertheless, she agrees to descend from her room to view the outcome of the battle. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XXIII]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XXII]

In Book XXII of Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus shoots an arrow through Antinous’ throat, killing him. The other suitors are shocked and angrily threaten to kill Odysseus and feed him to the vultures. However, after Odysseus reveals his true identity, the suitor Eurymachus tries to dissuade Odysseus from killing the rest of them. He says that Antinous was the leader of the suitors and was responsible for the squandering of Odysseus’ wealth. Eurymachus also promises that every suitor will recompense Odysseus. “We will make everything good among ourselves, and pay you in full for all that we have eaten and drunk. Each one of us shall pay you a fine worth twenty oxen, and we will keep on giving you gold and bronze till your heart is softened.” Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XXII]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XXI]

In Book XXI of Homer’s Odyssey, Penelope informs the suitors that she will marry the man who can string Odysseus’ old bow and shoot an arrow through the ringlets of 12 axes. Many of the suitors attempt to string the bow, but all fail. One of the suitors suggests that they wait until the following morning to try again. The rest agree, and they fall to feasting. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XXI]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XX]

In Book XX of Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus awakens from his troubled sleep and asks Zeus to send him a favorable omen. Zeus complies with Odysseus’ wish. He sends thunder from a clear sky and compels a maidservant to proclaim that the thunder is an omen that the suitors will be killed that day. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XX]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XIX]

In Book XIX of Homer’s Odyssey, Telemachus and Odysseus remove all weapons from the armory and place them in a locked room on the second floor of the palace. They explain that they are removing the weapons because the smoke and ashes of the fire have tarnished them. In reality, Telemachus and Odysseus do not want the suitors to have access to weapons. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XIX]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XVIII]

In Book XVIII of Homer’s Odyssey, a beggar named Irus arrives at the palace. He immediately picks a quarrel with Odysseus. The suitors encourage the fight, promising to provide the choicest lamb meat to the winner of the fight. Odysseus knocks out Irus with one blow and then places him outside the palace. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book XVIII]