Tag Archives: Free Will

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book X]

In Book X of Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus and his crew land on the island of Aeolus. Odysseus gains the favor of the ruler of the winds, who gives Odysseus a favorable wind to return home to Ithaca and also entraps adverse winds in a bag that he gives to Odysseus. While in sight of Ithacus, the crew becomes envious of Odysseus. They decide to untie the bag of winds, thinking that the bag conceals gold. When the bag opens, the winds rush out and blow the ships back to the island of Aeolus, where Aeolus refuses to help them again. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book X]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book IX]

In Book IX of Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus reveals his true name to Alcinous and the Phaeacian citizens and relates the tale of his adventures after the Trojan War. Shortly after the destruction of Troy, Odysseus and his men attack Ismarus, the city of the Ciconians. They achieve momentary success, but eventually they are repelled by the Ciconians and forced to sail away. Odysseus and his men next land on the island of the Lotus-eaters. On the island, Odysseus’ men encounter the inhabitants, who offer them lotus to eat. After tasting the plant, the men no longer wish to return home, but rather desire to remain on the island and eat lotus for the rest of their days. Odysseus forces them onto the ship, binds them beneath the deck, and sails away. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book IX]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VII]

In Book VII of Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus arrives at the palace of the Phaeacian King, Alcinous. Odysseus marvels at the majesty and splendor of the palace and its surrounding gardens. Then he enters and discovers that the King is hosting a feast. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VII]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VI]

In Book VI of Homer’s Odyssey, Minerva devises a plan to help Odysseus leave the island on which he is now stranded. In a dream, the goddess appears to Nausicaa, the daughter of the island’s King, and urges her to clean her linen in the river the following morning. Nausicaa awakens the following morning, and heeds the goddess’ commands. Along with several of her handmaidens, she travels to the river where she cleans her garments. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VI]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book V]

In Book V of Homer’s Odyssey, Jove sends Mercury to the island of the goddess Calypso, where Odysseus is being detained. Mercury commands Calypso to release Odysseus. She obeys and provides Odysseus an axe, which he uses to hew down trees and construct a raft. When the raft is complete, Odysseus departs from the island. During his sea-voyage, Neptune sends a terrible storm that destroys the raft and nearly drowns Odysseus. By the aid of the sea nymph Ino and the goddess Minerva, Odysseus swims to the nearby country of Phaeacia, where he gratefully falls asleep between two olive trees. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book V]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book I]

In Book I of Homer’s Odyssey, Homer invokes the aid of a Muse to help him recount the story of Odysseus’ return home to Ithaca after the Trojan War. The story begins nearly ten years after the war. Odysseus still has not returned home. A nymph named Calypso, has detained him on her island, and she intends to make him her husband, but Jove and the other Olympian Gods decide that the time has come for Odysseus to return home. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book I]