Tag Archives: Novel

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book IV]

In Book IV of Homer’s Odyssey, Telemachus and Pisistratus arrive in Sparta. Menelaus welcomes them, and Telemachus asks him whether he knows the fate of Odysseus. Menelaus recounts his encounter with the sea god Proteus during his return home from Troy. Proteus told him that Odysseus is still alive, but he is being detained on the island of Calypso. Telemachus thanks Menelaus for the news of his father, and then returns to Pylos with Pisistratus. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book IV]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book III]

In Book III of Homer’s Odyssey, Telemachus and the ship’s crew arrive at Pylos in the morning. On the beach, the citizens of Pylos and their king, Nestor, are sacrificing bulls to the god Neptune. After the sacrifice, Nestor welcomes Telemachus and invites him to feast on the newly slain bulls. While dining, Telemachus asks Nestor whether he knows what happened to Odysseus after the Trojan War. Nestor says that he does not, but he encourages Telemachus to travel to Sparta and consult Menelaus about the matter. Nestor provides Telemachus with horses and a chariot, and the following morning, Telemachus and Nestor’s son, Pisistratus, set off for Sparta. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book III]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book II]

In Book II of Homer’s Odyssey, Telemachus summons the suitors of Penelope and the chiefs of the city to a meeting. At the meeting, Telemachus formally commands the suitors to leave his house. He also seeks aid from the city’s chiefs to expel the suitors from his estate and to provide him with a ship so that he can sail to Pylos and Sparta to learn about the wanderings of his father, Odysseus. The suitors and the chiefs both deny Telemachus’ demands. However, the goddess Minerva provides Telemachus with a ship and crew. That night, Telemachus and the crew secretly set sail for Pylos. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book II]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book I]

In Book I of Homer’s Odyssey, Homer invokes the aid of a Muse to help him recount the story of Odysseus’ return home to Ithaca after the Trojan War. The story begins nearly ten years after the war. Odysseus still has not returned home. A nymph named Calypso, has detained him on her island, and she intends to make him her husband, but Jove and the other Olympian Gods decide that the time has come for Odysseus to return home. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book I]

TOLSTOY: War and Peace [Book I-VIII]

Russian author Leo Tolstoy published his novel, War and Peace, in 1869. The novel depicts the lives of several Russian nobles during Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in the early 1800s. The title, War and Peace, symbolizes the war and peace among nations, among individuals within one society, and among different desires within an individual. Continue reading TOLSTOY: War and Peace [Book I-VIII]