Tag Archives: Penelope

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VIII]

In Book VIII of Homer’s Odyssey, Alcinous, the King of the Phaeacians, calls a council, where it is agreed that the Phaeacian citizens will provide Odysseus with a ship and crew to convey him home. After the meeting, athletic contests are held in honor of Odysseus. The games include running, wrestling, boxing, and discus-throwing. Despite being old and wearied by his travels, Odysseus participates in the discus-throwing competition and out-throws all other competitors. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VIII]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VII]

In Book VII of Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus arrives at the palace of the Phaeacian King, Alcinous. Odysseus marvels at the majesty and splendor of the palace and its surrounding gardens. Then he enters and discovers that the King is hosting a feast. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VII]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VI]

In Book VI of Homer’s Odyssey, Minerva devises a plan to help Odysseus leave the island on which he is now stranded. In a dream, the goddess appears to Nausicaa, the daughter of the island’s King, and urges her to clean her linen in the river the following morning. Nausicaa awakens the following morning, and heeds the goddess’ commands. Along with several of her handmaidens, she travels to the river where she cleans her garments. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book VI]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book V]

In Book V of Homer’s Odyssey, Jove sends Mercury to the island of the goddess Calypso, where Odysseus is being detained. Mercury commands Calypso to release Odysseus. She obeys and provides Odysseus an axe, which he uses to hew down trees and construct a raft. When the raft is complete, Odysseus departs from the island. During his sea-voyage, Neptune sends a terrible storm that destroys the raft and nearly drowns Odysseus. By the aid of the sea nymph Ino and the goddess Minerva, Odysseus swims to the nearby country of Phaeacia, where he gratefully falls asleep between two olive trees. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book V]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book IV]

In Book IV of Homer’s Odyssey, Telemachus and Pisistratus arrive in Sparta. Menelaus welcomes them, and Telemachus asks him whether he knows the fate of Odysseus. Menelaus recounts his encounter with the sea god Proteus during his return home from Troy. Proteus told him that Odysseus is still alive, but he is being detained on the island of Calypso. Telemachus thanks Menelaus for the news of his father, and then returns to Pylos with Pisistratus. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book IV]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book III]

In Book III of Homer’s Odyssey, Telemachus and the ship’s crew arrive at Pylos in the morning. On the beach, the citizens of Pylos and their king, Nestor, are sacrificing bulls to the god Neptune. After the sacrifice, Nestor welcomes Telemachus and invites him to feast on the newly slain bulls. While dining, Telemachus asks Nestor whether he knows what happened to Odysseus after the Trojan War. Nestor says that he does not, but he encourages Telemachus to travel to Sparta and consult Menelaus about the matter. Nestor provides Telemachus with horses and a chariot, and the following morning, Telemachus and Nestor’s son, Pisistratus, set off for Sparta. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book III]

HOMER: The Odyssey [Book II]

In Book II of Homer’s Odyssey, Telemachus summons the suitors of Penelope and the chiefs of the city to a meeting. At the meeting, Telemachus formally commands the suitors to leave his house. He also seeks aid from the city’s chiefs to expel the suitors from his estate and to provide him with a ship so that he can sail to Pylos and Sparta to learn about the wanderings of his father, Odysseus. The suitors and the chiefs both deny Telemachus’ demands. However, the goddess Minerva provides Telemachus with a ship and crew. That night, Telemachus and the crew secretly set sail for Pylos. Continue reading HOMER: The Odyssey [Book II]