Category Archives: Spinoza

SPINOZA: Ethics [Part I]

In his Ethics, Spinoza applies Euclid’s rigorous mathematical method of demonstration to philosophy. He states several definitions and axioms, and then derives conclusions from these starting points. Continue reading SPINOZA: Ethics [Part I]

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SPINOZA: Ethics [Part II]

Spinoza’s treatise titled Ethics was published in 1677. It is written in a style similar to Euclid’s Elements; Spinoza first defines key terms, then provides axioms, and then derives conclusions from those axioms. Continue reading SPINOZA: Ethics [Part II]